Programming Praxis – First Unrepeated Character In A String

In today’s Programming Praxis exercise, our goal is to find the find the first unrepeated character in a string, along with its index. Let’s get started, shall we?

import Data.Maybe
import Data.List

We traverse the list from right to left, keeping a list of characters we’ve already encountered and a list of possible options. When we check a character, we first check if it’s in the list of duplicate characters. If not, we then check the list of options. If the letter in question is there already, we remove it from the list of options and add it to the list of duplicates. Otherwise, we add the current character to the list of options. At the end, we return the first unique element (if any).

unrepeated :: String -> Maybe (Integer, Char)
unrepeated = listToMaybe . snd . foldr f ([], []) . zip [0..] where
    f (i,c) (ds,us) = if elem c ds then (ds, us) else
        maybe (ds, (i,c):us) (\(fi,fc) -> (fc:ds, delete (fi,fc) us)) $
        find ((== c) . snd) us

Some tests to see if everything is working properly:

main :: IO ()
main = do print $ unrepeated "aaabc"       == Just (3, 'b')
          print $ unrepeated "aaabbbcddd"  == Just (6, 'c')
          print $ unrepeated "aaaebbbcddd" == Just (3, 'e')
          print $ unrepeated "aabbcc"      == Nothing
          print $ unrepeated "aba"         == Just (1, 'b')
About these ads

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s


Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 35 other followers

%d bloggers like this: