## Posts Tagged ‘character’

### Programming Praxis – First Unrepeated Character In A String

April 30, 2013

In today’s Programming Praxis exercise, our goal is to find the find the first unrepeated character in a string, along with its index. Let’s get started, shall we?

```import Data.Maybe
import Data.List```

We traverse the list from right to left, keeping a list of characters we’ve already encountered and a list of possible options. When we check a character, we first check if it’s in the list of duplicate characters. If not, we then check the list of options. If the letter in question is there already, we remove it from the list of options and add it to the list of duplicates. Otherwise, we add the current character to the list of options. At the end, we return the first unique element (if any).

```unrepeated :: String -> Maybe (Integer, Char)
unrepeated = listToMaybe . snd . foldr f ([], []) . zip [0..] where
f (i,c) (ds,us) = if elem c ds then (ds, us) else
maybe (ds, (i,c):us) (\(fi,fc) -> (fc:ds, delete (fi,fc) us)) \$
find ((== c) . snd) us```

Some tests to see if everything is working properly:

```main :: IO ()
main = do print \$ unrepeated "aaabc"       == Just (3, 'b')
print \$ unrepeated "aaabbbcddd"  == Just (6, 'c')
print \$ unrepeated "aaaebbbcddd" == Just (3, 'e')
print \$ unrepeated "aabbcc"      == Nothing
print \$ unrepeated "aba"         == Just (1, 'b')```

### Programming Praxis – First Non-Repeating Character

August 19, 2011

In today’s Programming Praxis exercise, our goal is to find the first character in a string that does not occur anywhere else in the string. Let’s get started, shall we?

Some imports:

```import Data.List
import qualified Data.Map as M```

To find the first non-repeated element, we mark each element as unique and insert them into a map. When a duplicate element is found, we remove its unique status. Afterwards, we search the list for the first unique element.

```firstUnique :: Ord a => [a] -> Maybe a
firstUnique xs = find (M.fromListWith (\_ _ -> False)
(zip xs \$ repeat True) M.!) xs```

Some tests to see if everything is working properly:

```main :: IO ()
main = do print \$ firstUnique "aabcbcdeef"   == Just 'd'
print \$ firstUnique "aabcbcfeed"   == Just 'f'
print \$ firstUnique "aabcbcdeefdf" == Nothing```